Bangla Desk

Climate change of Bangladesh: The POSTER CHILD of climate change

photo: germanwatch report 2019

Climate change of Bangladesh: calculations of casualties for rising sea level due to climate change, the worldwide researchers have named Bangladesh as a POSTER CHILD of climate change.

The past, present and future connections and conditions of Bangladesh environment

Bangladesh is the name of a small country with a huge population which is situated on the Southside of the Asian Continent. Climate change is now a worldwide problem but that doesn’t mean every country is in the same danger zone. Large or little, now or later, we all are tasting the flavor of climate change. But the position of Bangladesh is not good.

Read more:
The easy definition of the greenhouse effects of the universe
what is climate change and how will it affect humans
Global warming is the main effect of climate change?
The climate of Bangladesh – seasons, land, forest, river, sea, atmosphere

Probably, you can easily have an idea that how Bangladesh and Bangladeshi are connected with climate. International research organization – GARMANWATCH had published a global climate risk index (CRI) in 2010 according to that Bangladesh is leading in the list of 10 countries that can have an aggressive loss due to Climate change.

The POSTER CHILD of climate change

The global climate risk index of 2019 GARMANWATCH declared the most 10 affected countries name by climate change where Bangladesh gains the position of no: 9. Actually Bangladesh is an overpopulated country that’s why any kind of little Climate change can be taken a big amount of lives. Due to Climate change, the level of the sea is rising. The rising seas will greatly change the way of living near the ocean. Countries like Bangladesh which has coastal lowland will be extremely affected as the seas rise. Based on calculations of casualties for rising sea level due to climate change, the worldwide researchers have named Bangladesh as a POSTER CHILD of climate change.

Natural disasters in Bangladesh

Bangladesh is a low-lying deltaic country which faces the BAY of BENGAL. Bangladesh has a long history of natural disasters. It experienced 219 natural disasters between 1998- 2008. Mainly the coastal area of Bangladesh suffered from natural hazards. Bangladesh suffers from floods, cyclones, storm surge, riverbank erosion, earthquake, drought, salinity intrusion, fire and tsunami and those take a huge amount of lives and assets.

Climate changing situation

Climate changing situation can be doomed not only human life but also the wildlife of Bangladesh. Already a huge number of people became homeless because of flood and every year new amounts are adding with this. These people are coming to the city which already overpopulated. This extra weight can’t be a good experience for the cities’ environment and for city life. A report ” The gathering Strom: climate change clouds the future of children in Bangladesh” by UNICEF says due to climate change the places of a coastal lowland in Bangladesh are the riskiest area where 1 crore and 90 lacs children are living. UNICEF also said to arise the world’s helping hand for Bangladesh there are having the risk of life on 1 child out of 3 children for upcoming flood and cyclone.

Agriculture in Bangladesh

The finance basement of Bangladesh mainly depends upon agriculture. Already the total number of rivers became half and those are existing their condition is not so good. In the present time where the cyclone heads under a decade, it’s becoming in a very short time after a break.

That’s all are not every time deadly but a little bit vibration fishermen couldn’t go to the sea sites. There are about 5.5 million people connected with fisheries. What will happen to them? The main sector of tourism like Cox Bazar sea beach will not be safe for tourists and others can be disappeared. Because of climate change, a big portion of land will be under inland. That means a legit number of farmers will be homeless, work less the shortage of land. But in Bangladesh, every square foot land is very essential for overpopulation.

Climate change of Bangladesh: Sundarban

Sundarban the shield of Bangladesh is a great place for tourists. The main attraction of Sundarban is Royal Bengal tiger can’t survive in this changing climate. A change in the eating cycle can claim great negativity in the environment. I am explaining to you a short example. Like owl is a type of bird, it’s living in the jungle, hunting in night at least 17/18 rats. But due to Climate change, this creature can be disappeared. One hand the rat hunters can’t survive other hand cities are protected zone for rats production.

Read more:
The easy definition of the greenhouse effects of the universe
what is climate change and how will it affect humans
Global warming is the main effect of climate change?
The climate of Bangladesh – seasons, land, forest, river, sea, atmosphere
The POSTER CHILD of climate change
Future of planet: Climate Change and Global Warming
Is Frost-free season good?

The pied Piper of Hamelin

A health disaster like the plague can easily affect the human. In short an exact situation like the story of ” The pied Piper of Hamelin .” Extinction of one creature a huge change in the life cycle because we all are connected. After all discussion 5 main risk points which are waiting for Bangladesh I write down below :
1. The productivity of crops and luckless of drinking water will increase for salinity intrusion due to rising water levels.
2. An extensive land will be underwater.
3. 42 % of Sundarban will be extincted, islands like St. Martin can be disappeared.
4. The number of droughts and cyclones will be increased.
5. The level of water can suddenly increase in the river and suddenly will decrease due to the rising velocity of wind for this the number of hazards increases and people will be affected by various types of insects attacks.

Global climate change

In global climate change, there is a total contribution all over the world’s people especially from cities and industrial areas. The unplanned urbanization, industrialization, tree demolition are the main reasons. But when it’s time to get results everywhere is not in the same danger. The most possible threatening situation has to face some countries people like Bangladesh and this simple living person have no idea what is waiting for them in the future.

How Bangladeshi people are contributing to climate change

At first, I want to clarify that I am a Bangladeshi. My beautiful motherland Bangladesh is a small country in South Asia, bordering India, Myanmar. It has a 1,47,570 square kilometers area. If you want to know about Bangladesh read my other post. From the prehistoric age, Bangladesh has Faced mass natural disasters every decade for climate change. We can’t say that there is no contribution of Bangladeshi people. I try to make a figure out those and write down below :

Population 

According to world population prospect ( 2019 revision ), Bangladesh has more than 163 million population which makes it no:8th position in the world’s population.  A study on global environmental change in 2009 determined that One child can produce 20 times more greenhouse gas than a person will save by driving a high-mileage car, recycling, using energy-efficient appliances and light bulbs, etc. The size of the carbon legacy is closely tied to consumption patterns. Under current conditions, a child born in the United States will be responsible for almost seven times the carbon emissions of a child born in China and 168 times the impact of a child born in Bangladesh.

Population density

The fertility rate is now at 2.4 children born per woman. About 2,000 people are living per square kilometer. Per inch of Bangladesh is so important for this overpopulation instead every year so many people are becoming homeless due to flood. Bangladeshi are mainly depending on wood for cooking. For cooking and purify the water they burn huge amounts of fossil fuels which are the source of CO2 and vapor. The population of the urban and rural places has a scarcity of food, water, shelter even many can’t fill their basic needs. Maintenance of this huge population and filled their all need is really a challenge for the government.

Pollution

I clearly remembered all those college time I was going to my tuition class every early morning. This time I had some scope to see scavengers morning work. They swept all waste on the street and market. But it didn’t look clean atmosphere at all because before the cleaners left the shopkeeper had come and started throwing their shop’s scraps and dust. They cleaned their shops by the mess the street and market and as much as the day passed away passer-by gave the company.

In Bangladesh, the pollution problem is connected with the population and the cities are polluted than the village. Dhaka the capital of Bangladesh which makes many records on its environmental state. Dhaka city needs 2.1 billion liters of water a day (L/day). Dhaka WASA provides 1.45 billion L/day, mostly from groundwater through its 400 deep Tube well, and the remainder is from the Shitalakshya River, which is becoming increasingly polluted. Now Dhaka is ranking top in air pollution.

The ozone layer in the atmosphere

A new source of air pollution is an increasing ‘hole’ in the ozone layer in the atmosphere above Antarctica, coupled with growing evidence of global ozone depletion. Above 7800 brick kilns are in Bangladesh and most are in Dhaka city. Brick kilns are the main and 1st reason for this toxic air. Secondly, the huge number of the population needs a huge number of transports and the unfit vehicle is contributing to air pollution in a great way. When a traffic jam start and carry on for a long time but all the vehicle engine never keeps off. So continuous vehicle horns and smog emissions, heat of the sun all make the worst situation.

The waste of human beings or industrial all are going directly in the river or canal. Ultimately in the bay of Bengal and from some years, the tourist section in cox Bazar is the main culprit to sea pollution. All other cities are the same condition little or more little. But the amount of pollution in the village in Bangladesh is really less than in cities. Most villagers are not using plastic as much city people but the touch of urbanization the condition is becoming worse.

Unbalanced urbanization

Bangladesh is now a developing country. For the upcoming deserter and modernization people of Bangladesh also busy constructing buildings, roads, industry or other institutions. But their plan is not any long-term process. The almost full time of year much constructive work occurred as road construction, gas line, waterline, industry, home contractions.

The 11,227 square kilometers covered for the only homesteads because most people are far from knowledge and technology. They don’t have any idea how they waste the land with their one or two-storied house or slum type home. There are urban areas, rural area and mixed up both. In Bangladesh, urban areas cover 950 square kilometers. Overgrowth rate of people, lackness of land, unplanned construction, deserter arising the slums rapidly. The health of the urban poor or slum dwellers are primarily due to crowding and lack of access to basic services, such as water and sanitation.

Cutting uncountable trees in Bangladesh

Consequences of these living conditions include stress due to crowding, insecurity due to lack of housing and land tenure, various types of illegal or criminal activities, including violence, drug use, prostitution, etc. In Bangladesh, people take a bath every day even sometimes more. They always try to keep their homes neat and clean, no matter how the condition is. But when you see the streets, markets, institutions, the outside atmosphere it always dusty and dirty. Hardly found any dustbin or whatever you find those are having the ill condition. Drains are filled with wastage, dump yard is out of maintenance, people don’t use a public toilet, plastic bags are used in daily life, cutting uncountable trees all are connected with climate change.

Unbalanced Industrialization

Bangladesh is fully dependent and suitable for agriculture. But for the extra amount of people, we need a big source of employment. After Independence Bangladesh has a great achievement in the industrial section. But this industry is not surrounded by agriculture. Sudden a revolution many people can’t cope up with this Industrialization. The unemployment is too much that’s why the industry owner having a good profit in less labor cost. The income even can’t fulfill their basic needs.

If conditions are so bad, why do people move to these areas? Presumably, because there are better (perceived) chances to find cash from employment. The industrial area is built in crops field, filled Waterland, wooded area or in the forest. Such a chance of employment is making changes in biodiversity. Before constructive work for industries and after construction these industries throw their polluted air in the environment. Industrial wastage is dropped in water without refined.

Soil pollution

The chemical and wastage make water pollution as well as soil pollution.  This industry is not in any deserts which thousand amount of machines responsible for harsh noise pollution.  One industry is a source of water pollution, air pollution, soil pollution, noise pollution. Recently the government of Bangladesh planned many Hi-Tech park projects and 100 special economic zones are in the process. Bangladesh is moving on to the path of industrialization from agriculture in the twenty-first century.

Deforestation

In Bangladesh, 2,154 square kilometers (2,15,400 ha) are covered by forests. As per the topographical condition forests of Bangladesh are divided by three-part 1. Hill forest 2. Plain sal forest and 3.Mangrove littoral forest. There are semi-evergreen forests in the Chittagong Hill Tracts and Sylhet hills, Sal forests in Tangail, Mymensingh, and Dinajpur, and the mangrove forest in the Sundarbans.

This forest area is not only used for livelihood but also for shelter. The so-called protected forest is lost its trees due to illegal timber business. In the rural areas, people plant many trees usually for the source of fruits but as for urbanization, Industrialization, pollution, natural disasters, overpopulation, energy production, transportation are reduced the amount of forestland. The estimated rate of deforestation being 8,000 ha per year. Some sources quote satellite surveys and note that forests are declining at a rate of nearly 70,000 ha per year and Bangladesh has less than 0.02 ha of forest land per person, one of the lowest forest-man ratios in the world. If the current trend continues, forests are likely to disappear altogether in the next 35-40 years or earlier.

Bangladesh affected by climate change

In the small areas of Bangladesh 163 million people are living, now 1 million Rohingya are also added. The total value of 6,000 acres of deforested land in Rohingya camps is equivalent to Tk 741.31 crore or $86.67 million. The main reasons for deforestation in Cox’s Bazar include cutting down of trees to make space for Rohingya camps, build homes and to use as fuels.

Bangladesh is highly affected by climate change but not as much as the people of Bangladeshi responsible for climate change.  As you sow, so shall you reap but in future Bangladesh will reap much than whatever they sow.

Exit mobile version