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Climate change world

GRETA THUNBERG name of courtesy: one little girl can make a difference

The summer of 2018 was Sweden’s hottest in 262 years. A little 15 years girl was standing in front of the Swedish parliament in August 2018, having a placard with one line,” Strike School for the Climate Change.” Her name is Greta Thunberg. Do you think, this could make any changes? But really it made a change . Also, Greta Thunberg became an environmental activist and leader of the new generation.

What the world is getting by Greta Thunberg

The effects of Greta Thunberg

She was on her way to protest but social media played a vital role in this to spread the news all over the world. She has inspired a huge number of school-aged generations what has been described as,” The Greta effects.”  In December 2018 more than 20,000 students had held strikes in at least 270 cities. The school strikes for climate on 20 or 27 September in 2019 were attended by over four million people, according to one of the co-organizers. That was the largest climate protest in history.

In February 2019, 224 academics signed an open letter of support stating they were inspired by the actions of Thunberg and the striking school children in making their voices heard.

In February 2019, Thunberg shared a stage with the then President of the European Commission, Jean-Claude Juncker, where he outlined “In the next financial period from 2021 to 2027, every fourth euro spent within the EU budget will go towards action to mitigate climate change”.

A significant role in the European Parliament Election

In May 2019, a significant role in European Parliament Election had played by climate issue as Green parties recorded their highest ever score, boosting their MEP numbers from 52 to 72. Many of the gains came from northern European countries where young people have taken to the streets inspired by Thunberg.

In June 2019, Thunberg spoke by video link with Alexandria Ocasio-Cortez who had submitted the Green New Deal to the U.S. House of Representatives in February 2019, which calls for the United States to achieve “net-zero” greenhouse gases within a decade. They discussed how it feels when their views are not taken seriously because they are young, and what tactics really work. A YouGov poll in Britain found that public concern about the environment had waved to record levels in the UK since Thunberg and Extinction Rebellion had “pierced the bubble of denial”.

In June 2019, Swedish Railways (SJ) reported that the number of Swedes taking the train for domestic journeys had risen by 8% from the previous year, reflecting growing public concern about the impact of flying on CO.

Read more:
The easy definition of the greenhouse effects of the universe
what is climate change and how will it affect humans
Global warming is the main effect of climate change?
The climate of Bangladesh – seasons, land, forest, river, sea, atmosphere
The POSTER CHILD of climate change
Future of planet: Climate Change and Global Warming
The frost-free season defined: Is Frost-free season good?

Highlighted by Thunberg’s refusal

2 emissions that are highlighted by Thunberg’s refusal to fly to international conferences. Greta Thunberg’s mom Melana Ernman had given up her international opera career due to reducing her carbon footprint. Being embarrassed or ashamed to take a plane because of its environmental impact has been described on social media as flygskam or ‘shame of flying’, along with the hashtag #jagstannarpåmarken, which translates as #istayontheground.

In August 2019, publication and sales of children’s books about the climate crisis reportedly doubled. Publishers attribute this to the “Greta effect”. Wealthy philanthropists and investors like Trevor Neilson( inspired by Greta Thunberg )from the United States have donated almost half a million pounds to support Extinction Rebellion and school strike groups to establish the Climate Emergency Fund.

What the world is getting by Greta ThunbergMore girls are taking action on climate change through technology and activism. This may well be the Greta Thunberg effect like in Kazakhstan a group of girls named team Coco came up with a new app called Teco. Kazakhstan has one of the largest oil reserves in the world, and oil exports comprise over three-quarters of its national GDP and have many climate issues like air pollution. So this team Coco decided to make Kazakhstani more eco-friendly and that will be helpful for future planet.

In the U.K.  a program called FutureMakers, created by Sage Foundation Jenatie Ganesharajah and Stacy D’Souza has come up with an object recognition software seeking to catalog marine life, to contribute to the United Nations Sustainable Development Goal 14. They designed a public catalog of marine species using image recognition. That will be helpful for 3 billion people who are dependent on marine and coastal biodiversity. Yeah in past the girls also had concerns about climate but now they are talking and taking action.

Carbon footprint

Greta Thunberg is doing all her capable option to reduce her carbon footprint she became vegan, quit to use aircraft even for any national and international conference. In December 2019, she is set to attend the UN Climate Change Conference (COP25) in Chile. 3 December 2019 she reached Lisbon, Portugal after 3 weeks sea journey. But her impact never stopped. From many apart side of the world like Kyiv, Ukraine; Kampala, Uganda; San Josè, Costa Rica; Leipzig, Germany; Missoula, Montana; Belgium; Berlin; Kerala, India; Hiroshima, Japan; South Africa; Bacau, Romania; Philippines; Vienna, Australia; Dhaka, Bangladesh; Potsdam, Garmany; Thailand; Pune, India and many others countries protesters are outspread her protest by social media.

A Swedish environmental activist GRETA THUNBERG  who has created a wave about climate change movement in August 2018. At the age of 15, she started writing a simple message in the poster board,” School Strike for the climate change .”  (In Swedish ) . She had skipped school hours every day continuously for 3 months and protested outside the Swedish parliament for action on global warming. Other young students realized the moral and started joining. After the general election, she continued her strike only for Fridays and inspired school students across the globe to take part in a student strikes.

GRETA THUNBERG biography

There was the “Fridays for Future” began. The social media played a vital role in spreading this news all over the world and millions of young influenced people came under one root for one issue. As of December 2018 more than 20,000 students had held strikes in at least 270 cities. The school strikes for climate on 20 or 27 September in 2019 were attended by over four million people, according to one of the co-organizers. That was the largest climate protest in history.

Full name Greta Tintin Eleonora Ernman Thunberg born on 3 January 2003 in Stockholm Sweden. Her profession is a student and environmental activist. She is from an artistic family. Her father Svante Thunberg is an actor and her mother Melena Ernman is a famous Swedish singer. Greta first time learned about climate change at the age of 8 in 2011. She has made efforts to lower her carbon footprint by not flying aircraft and becoming vegan and has influenced her family to do so.

GRETA THUNBERG family

Greta has said that she tried to show them graphs and data when that didn’t work, she warned her family that they were stealing her future. Greta provoked her mother as much she had to give up her international opera career due to the environmental impact on aviation. Her father was not happy for skipping her school instead he thinks she can make a difference. She has diagnosed with Asperger syndromes obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD) selective mutism. Greta has a younger sister Beata Thunberg who is a popular singer in Sweden. Like her sister, Beata has been open about her own challenge dealing with ADHD and OCD.

Difficulty with social interactions, Restricted interests, desired for sameness, Distinctive strengths all is the symptoms of Asperger. Greta doesn’t view her  Asperger’s like illness and has instead called it a superpower. She said, “I have Asperger’s and that means I’m sometimes a bit different from the norm,” She added. “And — given the right circumstances — being different is a superpower.”

A Swedish environmental activist GRETA THUNBERG  who has created a wave about climate change movement

Attended conferences

After a sudden emeute, she was invited from many national and international conferences about climate change. She delivered her bold speech which bounded many political leaders to think about climate change as a problem. In London in October 2018, she addressed the ‘Declaration of Rebellion’ organized by the Extinction Rebellion opposite the Houses of Parliament. She said, “We’re facing an immediate unprecedented crisis that has never been treated as a crisis and our leaders are all acting like children. We need to wake up and change everything”.

Spoke at TdxStockholm

On 24 November 2018, she spoke at TdxStockholm about the realization of her age 8 how much threatening matter climate change is! She said, ” We can’t change the world by playing the rules, because the rules have to be changed .” On 23 January 2019, she arrived in Davos after 32 hours train journey for climate campaign at world economic forum. Later in the week, she warned the global leaders, “I don’t want you to be hopeful. I want you to panic. I want you to feel the fear I feel every day. And then I want you to act. I want you to act as you would in a crisis. I want you to act as if the house was on fire—because it is.”

European Economic conference

On 21 February 2019, she spoke at a conference of the European Economic and Social Committee and to European Commission chief Jean-Claude Juncker, where she said that to limit global warming to less than the two degrees C goal established at the Paris Agreement, the EU must reduce their CO2 emissions by 80% by 2030, double the 40% goal set in Paris. 29 – 31 March 2019 she visited Berlin.

On 29 March she delivered a speech in front of Brandenburg gate, she said, “We live in a strange world where children must sacrifice their own education in order to protest against the destruction of their future. Where the people who have contributed the least to this crisis are the ones who are going to be affected the most.” About 25,000 people heard her that speech.

Next-generation leader

She became a leader and a target for her sudden rise to world fame. In May 2019 Greta has featured on the cover of Time magazine and, which named her as,” next-generation leader” and described her as a role model of many. Fellowship of the Royal Scottish Geographical Society has been named as one of the 100 most influential people of 2019 by Time magazine.

Nominated for the Nobel Peace Prize

Thunberg was nominated for the 2019 Nobel Peace Prize. September 2019, she addressed the UN Climate Action Summit in New York. On 23 September 2019 in New York, the United Nations Children’s Fund (UNICEF) hosted a press conference where Greta Thunberg joined. Together a group of 16 children announced they had made an official complaint against five nations that are not on track to meet the emission reduction targets they committed to in their Paris Agreement pledges: Argentina, Brazil, France, Germany, and Turkey.

Greta, she has been fighting

All those protests were not very easy for Greta she has been fighting with her health issue. Alas! She was faced with many times criticism from big shots even big politician’s names also was there. Every time she gave a bold answer. There was some misuse of her name. In December 2019, she is set to attend the UN Climate Change Conference (COP25) in Chile. Hopefully, she will arrive in Lisbon, Portugal sometime before December. This 16-year little girl is traveling to another part to another portion in the world without flying aircraft for a secure future planet where other children are playing video games. A big salute for her courtesy.

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Climate change

Your one single step can make a difference in climate change adaptation

climate change adaptation: When people speak about adaptation, they often mean a ‘feature’ (a trait) that helps an animal or plant survive. Adaptation is essential in order to survive and move ahead in the world. I already wrote a post about some cure and prevention of climate change. That post was about how can we fight with climate change . Reforestation, building weatherization, renewable energy, reducing fuel emissions, waste disposal, education all points can’t be fulfilled by a particular one. We need more people, power, political leaders, influencers. But most aren’t agree. So shall we wait? Our one individual step can make a difference, we can’t wait for someone will start or not. Charity begins at home.

Also read: what is climate change and how will it affect humans

Climate change adaptation

Plant trees
Plant trees are one main weapon for fighting climate change. For overpopulation or overpriced expenses make our life complex. Maybe we all don’t have any big garden area but still, I hope everyone has at least some space as much balcony. So don’t waste time plant trees how and what doesn’t matter. If you don’t have to keep them, plant them in government area even graveyard. If plants are costly for you, then collect the seeds whatever you and your family eat sow them whereas they can survive. And having a garden can give nutritious fruits which less your food expenses. Plant trees on the south side of your home will give you shade in the summer season and sunshine in winter. It’s better than an air conditioner or thermostat. Planting trees is the most effective individual way to make a difference in the carbon footprint.

Also read: Global warming is the main effect of climate change?

climate change adaptation: Concise the eating habits

In 2019, the IPCC released a summary of the 2019 special report which asserted that a shift towards plant-based diets would help to mitigate and adapt to climate change. Eating less meat, especially beef, and lamb can reduce emissions and a plant-rich diet is good for health which is your individual action also. There is a huge impact is connected with meat cultivation like deforestation, biodiversity loss, and declining water tables. Your little meat-free week can be helped to planet live some days. So have plans of plates but for the planet.

Also read: Climate Change and Global Warming

Turn down the heat and cool

climate change adaptation: A huge amount of energy just only use for heating and cooling in the room. It’s not so difficult just wear a sweater it will reduce your electricity bill and much natural warm feeling. Stop wash clothes in hot water. Obviously it’s a way to energy saving but it also good for your clothes. With the increasing temperature of the environment the cooling energy demand increasing day by day.

Passive and active improvements are modeled in a residential building. Eight different energy improvement measures can be applied in the initial building model: 6 passive (infiltration, insulation thickness, glazing and frame type, window area, shading devices, and natural cross ventilation) and 2 active (mechanical ventilation and a heat recovery system) measures. You can apply this to your house building and reduce your carbon footprint.

Also read: some cure and prevention of climate change

Climate change adaptation: Use efficient home appliances

In our home, there are so many appliances that are contributing to carbon footprint like the air conditioner, heater, greaser, bulbs, refrigerator, etc. New energy-efficient appliance models that use as little as half of the energy as their predecessors are available on the market. We should buy these type appliances, First, major home appliances account for approximately one-third of residential electricity consumption, a principal source of greenhouse gases. Second, appliance purchases give consumers a direct opportunity to affect greenhouse gas emissions. And there are good signs that most people want to save money and energy and eco-friendly products. Use renewable energy-efficient appliances then you can be their inspiration.

Care about transportation

Climate change adaptation: On surface or air for the rapid lifestyle, we are very much dependent on transport. That needs so much fossil fuel energy to spend and make emissions. Walking and running can be a slow process but you can try cycling. Use public transport like bus, train, metro which are emit fewer greenhouse gases than cars. One more thing old and faulty engine makes emissions than new, so don’t use this type. Aviation is much more difficult to fix technically than surface transport. So it’s better to be avoided totally.

Having one child

Climate change adaptation: At this point, we know our planet how much affected by climate change and overpopulation has a great contribution to that. Overpopulation can make many problems with climate change . Ultimately those are also connected with this. Ensuring a girl’s education can be created a great impact on family planning. Researchers say one child can contribute much in carbon emissions than a teenager who can prevent this by cycling, control food habits. So having one child is the easiest way in this list and a good contribution.

Dispose of trash properly

Climate change adaptation: Waste or trash is becoming a threat to our life. Plastic is easy to carry and the cheapest one to packaging. But plastic is rottenness. The combo pack with waste and trash can’t blend with soil which makes water pollution, soil pollution directly. Some people dispose of trash by firing but it creates air pollution. Firstly stop using plastic, avoid plastic packaging, prefer Eco-friendly products. Don’t throw here and there your trash only put them dustbin. Use 2 types bin one for digestible waste which can use as compost and one for indigestible trash.

Also read: GRETA THUNBERG name of courtesy: one little girl can make a difference

Recycle

Reducing waste, recycling and composting are effective ways to decrease the generation of greenhouse gases, such as carbon dioxide and methane. Studies show that deforestation and landfills account for about 25% of the world’s greenhouse gas emissions annually, a figure which can be greatly reduced by doing our part and recycling. Recyclable materials include many kinds of glass, paper, cardboard, metal, plastic, tires, textiles, batteries, and electronics. Recycling of metals can be a particularly powerful way to save energy. Food and organic waste can be used as compost and metal or plastic container can be used as pots for plants.

Do discussion

Climate change adaptation: It’s not like that we don’t love our planet or don’t want to do anything for the next generation. But there is a matter that this climate change is not considered a problem. But why? Because of the lackness of publicity or knowledge about climate change. So whatever you know start sharing with your family friend. It’s not likely everyone will take it seriously but apart all you will find someone who will understand moral. Maybe she /he can be a great climate warrior than you.

Do action

Of course, the action is more preferable than advice. Maybe there is no one who can think about climate like you. One man can’t make any difference, but that doesn’t mean you stop. Greta Thunberg proved that one can make a huge difference. It’s quite odd that you were invited to any marriage anniversary where you gifted a plant to the couple. On your birthday you planting trees no party. Enjoying the holiday but not use aircraft. Avoiding eat red meat, trying to the best use every product even wastage, walking instead have a car, using recycled products.

These all points one can make an individual step for a better planet and it’s more than any movement.

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Climate change

Climate change: some cure and prevention of climate change

Prevention of climate change: Starting any speech about climate change, I want to note down that it’s high time to talk. It’s time to do. Climate change is not any personal or family problem, it’s a universal problem. But still, we have a problem understanding this is a problem and those who really care for this universal problem most of the time they are neglecting by others. Prevention is better than cure but our planet is now really affected so we should start both.

Prevention of climate change

Reforestation: Trees are the first weapon to fight against climate change. But Forests are facing intense competition from industry and agriculture. So we have to stop decrease forests and regrow the forest. Trees can absorb carbon dioxide and other gases. Trees not only absorb harmful gases but also make oxygen.

A single mature tree can make enough clean air for 4 people and can absorb 48lbs carbon dioxide which is the main culprit in greenhouse effects. In fact, we could remove roughly two-thirds of human-made carbon just by letting all forests regrow, according to a study published in the journal of Science. Yep, two-thirds. Trees can protect coastal communities from severe flood and Strom. Trees shade is more preferable than the air conditioners which can prevent your electricity bill.

Trees shade helps the soil retain moisture rather than drying out, and thereby supports fertile agriculture. For healthy ecosystems that convert the sun’s energy through photosynthesis, absorbs and transfers carbon, make soil, and provides a treasure trove of natural yet-to-be-discovered biological solutions for cleaning up our planet (for example, enzymes that can eat plastic). To prevent wildfire trees are the best way. So plant the tree as much as you can.

Building Weatherization

Weatherization describes the steps taken during building design or retrofit to increase energy efficiency by limiting unintended air and heat exchange between the indoor and outdoor environments. The energy we use to heat Vermont’s residential, commercial and industrial buildings accounts for more than 30% of our total energy use and costs more than half a billion dollars a year.

If we button up our buildings and transition to new, efficient heating systems fueled by renewable energy, we’ll make Vermont living more affordable, and we’ll help fight climate change too. The dominant uses of energy in the residential sector are ambient space heating and cooling, water heating, and lighting. This section describes some of the means typically used to tighten buildings and the effect of tightening on ventilation.

There are four common methods for reducing unplanned air leakage in buildings. Air-tighten the enclosure. Sealing cracks, gaps, and holes in the building envelope with vapor barriers, and other construction changes reduce the amount of air that accidentally leaks in or out. It’s a little step but necessary to replace old bulbs. LED bulbs can be used as indoor lighting or street lights which can really make a difference between saving energy and bills. Choose the most efficient lights and home appliances.

Waste disposal

Prevention of climate change:
Waste management has at least 5 types of impacts on climate change :

1) Landfill methane emissions
2) Reduction in industrial energy use and emissions due to recycling and waste reduction.
3) Energy recovery from waste.
4) Carbon sequestration in forests due to decreased demand for the virgin paper; and
5) Energy used in long-distance transport of waste.

Likely landfills and incineration emit greenhouse and toxic gases – including methane – that are released into the atmosphere, soil, and waterways, contributing to the increase of the greenhouse effect. Keeping carbon dioxide out of the atmosphere is a waste management problem. Carbon dioxide is a waste product, dumping it into the open air is a form of littering.

Dumping can be avoided or cleaned up with technological fixes to our current infrastructure. Set targets for the recycling of construction and demolition debris and reuse of salvaged building materials. Compost food and landscaping Waste. Choose those manufacturer company which has the process of recycling or collecting their electronic product. We have to think about recycling and reuse technology and should be at a comfortable price.

Reducing fuels emissions

Prevention of climate change: Burning fossil fuels are one of the main reason for climate change which is mostly occurred in transportation and industrial section. Cars are one of the biggest contributors to climate change: 82% of emissions from transportation come from cars. Emissions can be lowered by becoming energy efficient and by switching to low-carbon fuels. Reducing fuel emissions doesn’t mean that we have to compromise our comfort zone or sacrifice a big amount even this type of project can be a low cost and money saver also. Choose to walk not ride if you can’t walk then try to rideshare or public transport.

Avoid aircraft if there was an option to go by train. When the time to buy any vehicle always chooses a climate-friendly option. Promise to yourself, your car engine will be stopped during traffic jams or signals. So it’s essential to progress towards an energy system based on fuels with low, or no-carbon, content (de-carbonization). This means moving away from using conventional coal and gas-fired power to electricity generated from nuclear power, renewable sources, and new technologies such as carbon capture and storage.

Read more: Global warming is the main effect of climate change? 

Some cure and prevention of climate change: Renewable energy

Prevention of climate change: Carbon dioxide is the climate’s worst enemy. It’s released when oil, coal, and other fossil fuels are burned for energy—the energy we use to power our homes, cars, and smartphones. Only renewable energy can migrate to this problem. Renewable energy is the energy that is generated from natural processes that are continuously restocked. Water, wind, tides, solar, heat, various forms of biomass can be the source of substitute non-renewable energy. This energy cannot be exhausted and constantly renewed.

Renewable energy can be played a great role in social and economic development. When the use of renewable energy increases, the demand for fossil fuels will decrease. Renewable facilities are also easy to maintain than a traditional generator and it produces little or no waste products such as carbon dioxide or other chemical pollutants. The IPCC ( Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change) said that if governments were supportive, and the full range of renewable technologies was deployed, renewable energy could account for almost 80% of the world’s energy supply within four decades.

Prevention of climate change: Education

When climate change is our global problem we share the same climate then public awareness should be spread all over the world. I feel climate change awareness should be a lesson of our academic study. The student will do the project, conversation, discussion, depreciation, the debate about climate change. Every separate step can be a power ultimately like driving habits, plant trees, waste management, avoid aircraft and red meat, etc.

One person can provoke his family at least a partner. There is much organization are working to educate basically girls. Because they can make a lower carbon footprint by family planning. And also women have an inconsistent share of decision making around water, cooking, food waste, fuel choices, and how homes are heated, built, and used. Convince others and yourself to be a climate warrior. Remember we are the last generation who can change the course of climate change.

Finally, I tried to describe all possible ways to fight with changing the climate. But it’s not any individual work, we all need all.

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Climate change

The frost-free season defined: Is Frost-free season good?

Warming tends to reduce the number of frost days per year but also lengthens the growing season in temperature-limited ecosystems. The frost-free season is also called as a growing season. The growing season is a particular time when growing conditions for domestic vegetation and crops are most favorable. It usually becomes shorter as the distance from the equator increases.

The frost-free season: The growing season also varies according to elevation above sea level. Because of higher elevations usually, have colder temperatures with higher elevations tending to have shorter growing seasons. The growing season is usually calculated by the average number of days. Also, the last frost in spring and the first severe Frost in autumn. Most of the crops need 90 days for the growing season usually. In equatorial and tropical regions usually all over years is growing season. Where in higher latitudes growing season is for a short time as example trundle may have about 2 months or less.

As burning fossil fuels and increasing greenhouse gases will be increased as well as the growing season will also length. It has been increasing nationally since the 1980s and no mood to reduce. Already the days of the growing season in the 20th century are 15 days longer than the past.

The frost-free season became the length

The frost-free season became length especially in Europe in spring. And northern Siberia, the Tibetan Plateau, and northwestern North America in autumn. These observed climate changes have been mirrored by changes in the biosphere. Most noteworthy, including increases in forest productivity. Furthermore, the satellite-derived estimate of the length of the growing season. A longer growing season provides a longer period for plant growth and productivity that can be a reason for slow down increasing carbon dioxide in the atmosphere. Similarly, concentrations through increased carbon dioxide by living things and their environment.

The longer growing season can increase the growth of beneficial plants (such as crops and forests). As well as undesirable ones as ragweed ( ragweed can grow faster and produce more pollen ). When increasing the days of the growing season it can be good for farmers in some areas. They can cultivate more than a past time. Warm weather can be smooth for some warm weather lovers. The animals which migrate based on the length of the day can arrive in an area to feed on young shoots only to find they have because older. The rapid action of change is causing much of the natural world to become out of sync.

Is Frost-free season goodNow I go to talk about frost season effects, I already wrote something upward. Let’s do some more details.

Greenhouse gas

As greenhouse gas emissions continue to rise, this frost-free trend will likely contribute even more detrimental health and agricultural effects across the U.S. The seeds can be undernourished because they will be budded before time even some plants can’t grow such atmosphere. For example, the 2007 one-week spring freeze in central and eastern United States was estimated to have reduced the production of winter wheat by 19%, peaches by 75%, apples by 67%, and pecans by 66%, causing over $2 billion in economic losses. It’s really a threatening matter for the food cycle. Such huge productivity and quality of grains and fruits decreased which might be increased their cost in the supermarket.

Read more:
The easy definition of the greenhouse effects of the universe
what is climate change and how will it affect humans
Global warming is the main effect of climate change?
The climate of Bangladesh – seasons, land, forest, river, sea, atmosphere
The POSTER CHILD of climate change
Future of planet: Climate Change and Global Warming

A longer Frost-free season means more pests will survive into winter can damage or destroy the crops. Warm is not only needed for plants but also facilitated for increasing pests. Of course day by day those can be upgraded, without frosting, those days can be their growing season also. Moisture will be limited, the greater evaporation and loss of the moisture through plant transportation is associated with a longer Frost-free season. This can mean less productivity increase drying and earlier and longer fire season.

Frost-free season

An extended Frost-free season also means a longer allergy season as long as it’s favorable for mosquitos and ticks which can potentially increase public health problems. A growing season means is the pollen season also — whether it is from tree pollens in the spring, grass pollens in the summer, or ragweed in the fall. Lab studies have confirmed this, with Timothy grass productivity twice as much pollen for a doubling of carbon dioxide, and ragweed producing twice as much pollen even before a doubling of carbon dioxide is reached.

Pollen allergies are not just a nuisance. Asthma symptoms can be targeted by exposure to pollen. Nowadays the allergy included asthma patients is very common in hospitals. So this is all points as much as I can figure out about frost-free season if you want to add something new please write in the comment section.

Categories
Climate change

Future of planet: Climate Change and Global Warming

Future of planet: Climate change is a very common word for people all over the world. Day by day the effects of climate will be increased. According to Wikipedia, scientists project that “By 2020, from 500-750 million people will be affected by stress caused by climate change,” plus there will be an increase in floods and droughts along with low lying coastal areas.

Future of planet
Climate change and Global warming

 

Future of planet: Climate change effects for future

The temperature will increase to rising: Rising temperature is an obvious symptom of climate change it’s called global warming. But can we bear this temperature? After starting this world is increasing temperature is 1°. The climate scientist wanted to tie this temperature at 2°. But actually we don’t have any idea how much or how progressively the average temperature of the earth will be increased.

If people burn fossil fuels like the current rate and add greenhouse gases to space the average temperature will be increased by about 4° to 12° by the year 2100. If we can make a huge change, take proper steps like using more reliable resources instead of fossil fuels, the average temperature can be less than 2° to 5°. The major effects on high temperature will affect agriculture, water supply, energy, health, plants, animal and ecosystem, forest, recreate.

Read more:
The easy definition of the greenhouse effects of the universe
what is climate change and how will it affect humans
Global warming is the main effect of climate change?
The climate of Bangladesh – seasons, land, forest, river, sea, atmosphere
The POSTER CHILD of climate change

Future of planet: Heatwave

Because climate change the atmosphere will be. It’s common that we want to go outside on the warm, enjoying the sunny day. Heatwave will be common in the future. It will be the war to spend time outside and the weekend lovers will become a weekend warrior. This year 2019 Summer’s heat became in an extreme position in many countries. Hot weather can be a massive problem for human health even something it can be the reason for deaths.

The first category like pets, elderly, people of chronic illness will be affected by heatwave. How about the outside game? The future sportsman is in real danger. In high heat index days, sports and heat will be mix danger. In hot humid weather, sweat cannot evaporate as easily from the skin so athletes are at a greater risk of developing an illness such as heat stroke and heat exhaustion. It’s like playing with death. But rising exposure, hot weather can increase anyone’s core temperature, leading to dehydration, heat exhaustion or even heat stroke.

Those can take you to kidney failure or tissue damage. Now people donate homeless or poor people sweater and implement for protection from cold. In future rich people will start to donate heat-related items like drinking water, sports drink, sunglasses, sunscreen, hats, portable fans in their locality.

Future of planet: More droughts

Droughts are increasing numbers in the Middle East and South Asia. And the big problem is that all this area is highly populated which can take a big amount of lives. Increasing heat, changing rainfall patterns and less snowpack is contributing to Drought condition.

Droughts can highly affected livestock and crops like corn, soybean, wheat. The water level of rivers will decrease. Wildfire will grab millions of forested acres and thousands of homes. When heat waves coincide with droughts, electricity demands can grow, compounding stress on the grid. Hydroelectric power may be become unavailable due to Drought.

The frost-free season will length

Future of planet: The frost-free season is also called as a growing season. As burning fossil fuels and increasing greenhouse gases will be increased as well as the growing season will also length. Already the days of the growing season in the 20th century are 15 days longer than the past. A longer Frost-free season means more pests will survive into winter can damage the crops. An extended Frost-free season also means a longer allergy season as long as it’s favorable for mosquitos and ticks which can potentially increase public health problems. As greenhouse gas emissions continue to rise, this frost-free trend will likely contribute even more detrimental health and agricultural effects across the U.S.

Hurricane will become stronger and more intense

From the 1970s increasing activities hurricane. But in a future hurricane will not be more but that will be more intense. It will carry higher wind speed and more precipitation because of global warming. When a hurricane strike in the coastal area it grab many other hazards like heavy rai, a Strom surge, tornadoes, riptide, etc. All are caused by deaths to drowning.

The Arctic will become ice-free

Future of planet: Ice has been a relatively constant feature of the Arctic for most of the past 36 million years. That incredibly rapid rate of climate change – 10 times faster than any change record over the previous years. It’s the signal of extinction-worthy. Our ancestors have not faced their contribution to climate change but the descenders will.

Insect attacks

Increasing temperature and warm weather are supportive of the production of insects on the other animal can’t survive in this situation. Both make a huge change in the living and eating cycle. Insects can’t be reduced by prestige even many types of insects life never effected by poisoning.

Insects size is small but their production ability is plenty. But it’s not appropriate for every insect especially on the helpful insects like Bee which the main source of pollination. Without pollination how can the ecosystem run? Already using the amount of huge insects killer decrease many useful well-known and unknown insects. In future insects, attacks damage the crops, hampered the normal life. The human can’t find the way how to fight this little figured over amount enemy because the natural insect killer animal will be a shortage on the planet.

The incurable disease will increase

Future of planet: The land will be underwater, rising temperature, insect attacks all are the swelling reasons of disease like dengue, malaria, typhoid, dysentery, influenzas, smallpox, kidney failure, fever, plague, anthrax, cholera, typhus, etc. Scientist aspects that climate change melting the permafrost soils that have been frozen from thousand of years.

As the soil melts they are realizing ancient viruses and bacteria that have lain dormant, are springing back to human life. Threatening matter is that these types of viruses or bacteria only can notice by microscope. Their size can be tiny as well as their effects will be fastest. Before scientists can detect the disease it will be spreading up, the situation will be out of control.

Whatever is written in ‘Future of planet: Climate Change and Global Warming’ it’s just a trailer full picture of climate change can’t be really described by anyone.

Categories
Bangladesh Climate change

Climate change of Bangladesh: The POSTER CHILD of climate change

Climate change of Bangladesh: calculations of casualties for rising sea level due to climate change, the worldwide researchers have named Bangladesh as a POSTER CHILD of climate change.

The past, present and future connections and conditions of Bangladesh environment

Bangladesh is the name of a small country with a huge population which is situated on the Southside of the Asian Continent. Climate change is now a worldwide problem but that doesn’t mean every country is in the same danger zone. Large or little, now or later, we all are tasting the flavor of climate change. But the position of Bangladesh is not good.

Read more:
The easy definition of the greenhouse effects of the universe
what is climate change and how will it affect humans
Global warming is the main effect of climate change?
The climate of Bangladesh – seasons, land, forest, river, sea, atmosphere

Probably, you can easily have an idea that how Bangladesh and Bangladeshi are connected with climate. International research organization – GARMANWATCH had published a global climate risk index (CRI) in 2010 according to that Bangladesh is leading in the list of 10 countries that can have an aggressive loss due to Climate change.

The POSTER CHILD of climate change

The global climate risk index of 2019 GARMANWATCH declared the most 10 affected countries name by climate change where Bangladesh gains the position of no: 9. Actually Bangladesh is an overpopulated country that’s why any kind of little Climate change can be taken a big amount of lives. Due to Climate change, the level of the sea is rising. The rising seas will greatly change the way of living near the ocean. Countries like Bangladesh which has coastal lowland will be extremely affected as the seas rise. Based on calculations of casualties for rising sea level due to climate change, the worldwide researchers have named Bangladesh as a POSTER CHILD of climate change.

Natural disasters in Bangladesh

Bangladesh is a low-lying deltaic country which faces the BAY of BENGAL. Bangladesh has a long history of natural disasters. It experienced 219 natural disasters between 1998- 2008. Mainly the coastal area of Bangladesh suffered from natural hazards. Bangladesh suffers from floods, cyclones, storm surge, riverbank erosion, earthquake, drought, salinity intrusion, fire and tsunami and those take a huge amount of lives and assets.

Climate changing situation

Climate changing situation can be doomed not only human life but also the wildlife of Bangladesh. Already a huge number of people became homeless because of flood and every year new amounts are adding with this. These people are coming to the city which already overpopulated. This extra weight can’t be a good experience for the cities’ environment and for city life. A report ” The gathering Strom: climate change clouds the future of children in Bangladesh” by UNICEF says due to climate change the places of a coastal lowland in Bangladesh are the riskiest area where 1 crore and 90 lacs children are living. UNICEF also said to arise the world’s helping hand for Bangladesh there are having the risk of life on 1 child out of 3 children for upcoming flood and cyclone.

Agriculture in Bangladesh

The finance basement of Bangladesh mainly depends upon agriculture. Already the total number of rivers became half and those are existing their condition is not so good. In the present time where the cyclone heads under a decade, it’s becoming in a very short time after a break.

That’s all are not every time deadly but a little bit vibration fishermen couldn’t go to the sea sites. There are about 5.5 million people connected with fisheries. What will happen to them? The main sector of tourism like Cox Bazar sea beach will not be safe for tourists and others can be disappeared. Because of climate change, a big portion of land will be under inland. That means a legit number of farmers will be homeless, work less the shortage of land. But in Bangladesh, every square foot land is very essential for overpopulation.

Climate change of Bangladesh: Sundarban

Sundarban the shield of Bangladesh is a great place for tourists. The main attraction of Sundarban is Royal Bengal tiger can’t survive in this changing climate. A change in the eating cycle can claim great negativity in the environment. I am explaining to you a short example. Like owl is a type of bird, it’s living in the jungle, hunting in night at least 17/18 rats. But due to Climate change, this creature can be disappeared. One hand the rat hunters can’t survive other hand cities are protected zone for rats production.

Read more:
The easy definition of the greenhouse effects of the universe
what is climate change and how will it affect humans
Global warming is the main effect of climate change?
The climate of Bangladesh – seasons, land, forest, river, sea, atmosphere
The POSTER CHILD of climate change
Future of planet: Climate Change and Global Warming
Is Frost-free season good?

The pied Piper of Hamelin

A health disaster like the plague can easily affect the human. In short an exact situation like the story of ” The pied Piper of Hamelin .” Extinction of one creature a huge change in the life cycle because we all are connected. After all discussion 5 main risk points which are waiting for Bangladesh I write down below :
1. The productivity of crops and luckless of drinking water will increase for salinity intrusion due to rising water levels.
2. An extensive land will be underwater.
3. 42 % of Sundarban will be extincted, islands like St. Martin can be disappeared.
4. The number of droughts and cyclones will be increased.
5. The level of water can suddenly increase in the river and suddenly will decrease due to the rising velocity of wind for this the number of hazards increases and people will be affected by various types of insects attacks.

Global climate change

In global climate change, there is a total contribution all over the world’s people especially from cities and industrial areas. The unplanned urbanization, industrialization, tree demolition are the main reasons. But when it’s time to get results everywhere is not in the same danger. The most possible threatening situation has to face some countries people like Bangladesh and this simple living person have no idea what is waiting for them in the future.

How Bangladeshi people are contributing to climate change

At first, I want to clarify that I am a Bangladeshi. My beautiful motherland Bangladesh is a small country in South Asia, bordering India, Myanmar. It has a 1,47,570 square kilometers area. If you want to know about Bangladesh read my other post. From the prehistoric age, Bangladesh has Faced mass natural disasters every decade for climate change. We can’t say that there is no contribution of Bangladeshi people. I try to make a figure out those and write down below :

Population 

According to world population prospect ( 2019 revision ), Bangladesh has more than 163 million population which makes it no:8th position in the world’s population.  A study on global environmental change in 2009 determined that One child can produce 20 times more greenhouse gas than a person will save by driving a high-mileage car, recycling, using energy-efficient appliances and light bulbs, etc. The size of the carbon legacy is closely tied to consumption patterns. Under current conditions, a child born in the United States will be responsible for almost seven times the carbon emissions of a child born in China and 168 times the impact of a child born in Bangladesh.

Population density

The fertility rate is now at 2.4 children born per woman. About 2,000 people are living per square kilometer. Per inch of Bangladesh is so important for this overpopulation instead every year so many people are becoming homeless due to flood. Bangladeshi are mainly depending on wood for cooking. For cooking and purify the water they burn huge amounts of fossil fuels which are the source of CO2 and vapor. The population of the urban and rural places has a scarcity of food, water, shelter even many can’t fill their basic needs. Maintenance of this huge population and filled their all need is really a challenge for the government.

Pollution

I clearly remembered all those college time I was going to my tuition class every early morning. This time I had some scope to see scavengers morning work. They swept all waste on the street and market. But it didn’t look clean atmosphere at all because before the cleaners left the shopkeeper had come and started throwing their shop’s scraps and dust. They cleaned their shops by the mess the street and market and as much as the day passed away passer-by gave the company.

In Bangladesh, the pollution problem is connected with the population and the cities are polluted than the village. Dhaka the capital of Bangladesh which makes many records on its environmental state. Dhaka city needs 2.1 billion liters of water a day (L/day). Dhaka WASA provides 1.45 billion L/day, mostly from groundwater through its 400 deep Tube well, and the remainder is from the Shitalakshya River, which is becoming increasingly polluted. Now Dhaka is ranking top in air pollution.

The ozone layer in the atmosphere

A new source of air pollution is an increasing ‘hole’ in the ozone layer in the atmosphere above Antarctica, coupled with growing evidence of global ozone depletion. Above 7800 brick kilns are in Bangladesh and most are in Dhaka city. Brick kilns are the main and 1st reason for this toxic air. Secondly, the huge number of the population needs a huge number of transports and the unfit vehicle is contributing to air pollution in a great way. When a traffic jam start and carry on for a long time but all the vehicle engine never keeps off. So continuous vehicle horns and smog emissions, heat of the sun all make the worst situation.

The waste of human beings or industrial all are going directly in the river or canal. Ultimately in the bay of Bengal and from some years, the tourist section in cox Bazar is the main culprit to sea pollution. All other cities are the same condition little or more little. But the amount of pollution in the village in Bangladesh is really less than in cities. Most villagers are not using plastic as much city people but the touch of urbanization the condition is becoming worse.

Unbalanced urbanization

Bangladesh is now a developing country. For the upcoming deserter and modernization people of Bangladesh also busy constructing buildings, roads, industry or other institutions. But their plan is not any long-term process. The almost full time of year much constructive work occurred as road construction, gas line, waterline, industry, home contractions.

The 11,227 square kilometers covered for the only homesteads because most people are far from knowledge and technology. They don’t have any idea how they waste the land with their one or two-storied house or slum type home. There are urban areas, rural area and mixed up both. In Bangladesh, urban areas cover 950 square kilometers. Overgrowth rate of people, lackness of land, unplanned construction, deserter arising the slums rapidly. The health of the urban poor or slum dwellers are primarily due to crowding and lack of access to basic services, such as water and sanitation.

Cutting uncountable trees in Bangladesh

Consequences of these living conditions include stress due to crowding, insecurity due to lack of housing and land tenure, various types of illegal or criminal activities, including violence, drug use, prostitution, etc. In Bangladesh, people take a bath every day even sometimes more. They always try to keep their homes neat and clean, no matter how the condition is. But when you see the streets, markets, institutions, the outside atmosphere it always dusty and dirty. Hardly found any dustbin or whatever you find those are having the ill condition. Drains are filled with wastage, dump yard is out of maintenance, people don’t use a public toilet, plastic bags are used in daily life, cutting uncountable trees all are connected with climate change.

Unbalanced Industrialization

Bangladesh is fully dependent and suitable for agriculture. But for the extra amount of people, we need a big source of employment. After Independence Bangladesh has a great achievement in the industrial section. But this industry is not surrounded by agriculture. Sudden a revolution many people can’t cope up with this Industrialization. The unemployment is too much that’s why the industry owner having a good profit in less labor cost. The income even can’t fulfill their basic needs.

If conditions are so bad, why do people move to these areas? Presumably, because there are better (perceived) chances to find cash from employment. The industrial area is built in crops field, filled Waterland, wooded area or in the forest. Such a chance of employment is making changes in biodiversity. Before constructive work for industries and after construction these industries throw their polluted air in the environment. Industrial wastage is dropped in water without refined.

Soil pollution

The chemical and wastage make water pollution as well as soil pollution.  This industry is not in any deserts which thousand amount of machines responsible for harsh noise pollution.  One industry is a source of water pollution, air pollution, soil pollution, noise pollution. Recently the government of Bangladesh planned many Hi-Tech park projects and 100 special economic zones are in the process. Bangladesh is moving on to the path of industrialization from agriculture in the twenty-first century.

Deforestation

In Bangladesh, 2,154 square kilometers (2,15,400 ha) are covered by forests. As per the topographical condition forests of Bangladesh are divided by three-part 1. Hill forest 2. Plain sal forest and 3.Mangrove littoral forest. There are semi-evergreen forests in the Chittagong Hill Tracts and Sylhet hills, Sal forests in Tangail, Mymensingh, and Dinajpur, and the mangrove forest in the Sundarbans.

This forest area is not only used for livelihood but also for shelter. The so-called protected forest is lost its trees due to illegal timber business. In the rural areas, people plant many trees usually for the source of fruits but as for urbanization, Industrialization, pollution, natural disasters, overpopulation, energy production, transportation are reduced the amount of forestland. The estimated rate of deforestation being 8,000 ha per year. Some sources quote satellite surveys and note that forests are declining at a rate of nearly 70,000 ha per year and Bangladesh has less than 0.02 ha of forest land per person, one of the lowest forest-man ratios in the world. If the current trend continues, forests are likely to disappear altogether in the next 35-40 years or earlier.

Bangladesh affected by climate change

In the small areas of Bangladesh 163 million people are living, now 1 million Rohingya are also added. The total value of 6,000 acres of deforested land in Rohingya camps is equivalent to Tk 741.31 crore or $86.67 million. The main reasons for deforestation in Cox’s Bazar include cutting down of trees to make space for Rohingya camps, build homes and to use as fuels.

Bangladesh is highly affected by climate change but not as much as the people of Bangladeshi responsible for climate change.  As you sow, so shall you reap but in future Bangladesh will reap much than whatever they sow.

Categories
Bangladesh Climate change

The climate of Bangladesh – seasons, land, forest, river, sea, atmosphere

Describe the climate of Bangladesh:
According to climatic type tropical regions have two seasons – the wet and the dry. Most noteworthy, Monsoon areas around the Indian Ocean have mainly three seasons hot, cold and rainy. Bangladesh is a small country in the Asian Continent. For the reason, Though the climate of Bangladesh is mainly subtropical monsoon of warm and humid. Also, It has a temperate climate because of its physical location.

Also, Bangladesh is called the land of six seasons ( Sharoritu). 12 months of Bangla calendar is divided into six seasons : (Grisma) summer, ( Barsha) rainy, (Sarat) autumn, (Hemonto) late autumn, (Shhit) winter and (Bashonto) spring. So, every season is special and has some significant difference but some seasons can flow into another then others become short.

Read more:
The easy definition of the greenhouse effects of the universe
what is climate change and how will it affect humans
Global warming is the main effect of climate change?

Bangladesh island of rivers

The climate of Bangladesh: Land and water are two natural resources of Bangladesh. The total area of Bangladesh is 1,47,570 square kilometers. Similarly, 9,734 square kilometers area under inland water bodies furthermore, homestead covers 11,227 square kilometers. And forest covers 2,154 square kilometers and urban build cover 950 square kilometers.

The land of Bangladesh is fully legitimate for agriculture. for the reason, that the finance of Bangladesh is mainly dependent upon agriculture. Consequently, The seasonality factor has a strong impact on cultivation. So, every season has its specialty. People celebrate the first month (Bhaishak) of the Bengali calendar with honor. Most noteworthy, this called BHAISHAKI UTSHAV. In the summer season, 2nd month (Jayshtho) is the most available time for various fruits.

That’s why this month is called MODHUMAS ( sweet month). Approximately many fruits are available all over the years. In the winter season, the people of Bangladesh celebrate new crops. This occasion called POUS CARBON, they make many sweet delicious foods this time. Over and above many types of rice, jute, sugarcane, potatoes, onion, and many types of vegetables are cultivating according to season. Almost Wood is the main fuel for cooking in Bangladesh. So, the forest is the main source of fuel.

As per the topographical condition forests of Bangladesh are divided by three-part.
1. Hill forest
2. Plain sal forest and
3.Mangrove littoral forest.

This forest is fully packed with wildlife. In winter season thousand of birds arrive in Bangladesh from icy land. Sundarban is one and only mangrove forest in the world which is situated in Bangladesh. The Royal Bengal Tiger is the main attraction of the Sundarban. The forest area has a great contribution to not only the GDP of Bangladesh but also climate and biodiversity.

Climate of Bangladesh

Describe the climate of Bangladesh

Also, I already wrote that Bangladesh island of rivers. The civilization of Bangladesh mainly was build-up surrounding rivers. The main Rivers of Bangladesh are PADMA, MEGNA, JAMUNA, BRAHMAPUTRA, TISTA, GARAI, etc. The total amount of rivers in Bangladesh is 230 and 58 are international rivers. Where 55 rivers are connected with India likewise, others 3 have a connection with Myanmar.

There is heavy rainfall in the rainy season. Due to, farmers of Bangladesh are mainly depending on the water of rivers for cultivating. Another, Himalaya is the main source of the flow of those rivers and which are lastly jumbled with the BAY of BENGAL. Furthermore, Cox Bazar is the world’s longest unbroken sandy beach of  120 kilometers. Most noteworthy, which is situated in Bangladesh.

Water is the main source of fish which is filled with the prime need for the protein of Bangladeshi people. Also, Hilsha is the most popular fish in Bangladesh. apart from this, there are many types of fishes founded in ponds also, bills, canals, rivers, and sea. In the wet season. For the reason that the level of BAY of BENGAL is impinging on the mainland which is approximately higher than 2 meters than the dry season.

Consequently, there is a great impact on the climate on Bengali culture and civilization. The seasonal disaster hampered normal life. The occupation is dependent upon the atmosphere. The main cities are built surrounding the water land. Above all the natural beauty and atmosphere can attract anyone.

Categories
Climate change

what is climate change and how will it affect humans

climate change and how will it affect humans?
Changing is the most common word in the world. Changing is fated no one can defeat. Sometimes it occurs intentionally or unintentionally. Climate Change is now a major global concern. Climate Change is a long-term change in the pattern of weather and average temperature across the world.

Climate change and how will it affect humans

Earth is one and only planet in the universe which is suitable for living. But the current earth was not exactly like that in the past time, also it will be not able to like that in the future. The most changeable matter of earth is the climate. Climate Change is a long-term process. Human is the main culprit for climate change.

The dramatic change started happening 11000 years before the industrial revolution. The industrial revolution is started in the 1800s when humans started establishing an industry. Due to the industrial revolution, humans began to burn fossil fuels like gas, oils, coal for fuel. Burning fossil produced energy as well as a big amount of carbon dioxide, methane, and nitrous monoxide. All this gas is responsible for greenhouse effects. Over time this large amount of quantities is mixed up with the atmosphere.

Climate Change

Climate Change is happening every day, week, month or even every second. It related to changes in ocean, land surface, ice sheet occurring over time scales or decades. So for considering any persistent as a climate change, it should be for a long time – usually at least 30 years. Climate Change is arriving rapidly than a past time. Climate Change is happening every moment but it leaves its impact for thousands of years. Temperature, humidity, wind, rainfall, sun’s radiation, volcanoes or internal variability all are part of the weather, the climate system is depended on all those things. Climate Change may be considered a natural process but mostly this change is influenced by a human.

Climate change and how will it affect humans

The Earth’s climate can be affected by natural factors that are external to the climate system, such as changes in volcanic activity, solar output, and the Earth’s orbit around the Sun. Climate also can be affected by particles and aerosols. Although some particles and aerosols are produced by volcanoes and marine plankton from a natural source. Carbon dioxide is the main contribution of humans to climate change.

On the other hand, deforestation is spreading day by day. Which is the natural way to decrease Carbon dioxide and can make a barrier to greenhouse effects. Another greenhouse gas nitrous oxide which can stay in the atmosphere for a very long time. Other substances only produce short-term effects. Humen burn fossil fuels as well as cut down trees. One hand helps to climate change the other hand stops the natural defense movement. If this situation is going on like this it becomes very hard to survive on this earth.

All lives to survive

Actually once the time will come when it’s totally impossible for all lives to survive. One by one many animal is now totally vanished from the earth. Because they couldn’t maintain themselves with the overall change of climate. When it’s a matter of human they have sensed how to survive. But how can they handle all of this circumstance is going to out of hand literally. So now it’s time to do a big shot against the threat of climate change and it affects humans.

Climate change is a natural process. But this process is occurred by both natural stuff and divine material. Human is the main contributor to climate change especially after the industrial revolution in the 1800s. Human influence is clear on the climate system and recent anthropogenic emissions and greenhouse gases are the highest of the climate system are unequivocal and since the 1950s, many of the observed changes are unprecedented over decades to millennia.

Building on two previous studies, a landmark 2013 peer-reviewed study evaluated 10,306 scientists to confirm that over 97 percent of climate scientists agree, and over 97 percent of scientific articles find that global warming is real and largely caused by humans. Not only global warming but every kind of changing climate reason have a connection with a human.

What is Climate Change?
Here some man-made a contribution I write down below 

Population

The population is such a way that grabs another scope for climate change. Now overall more than 7.7 billion people are sharing this Earth. A huge amount of population needs, as well as much food, water, shelter, livelihood, transportation all, are connected with climate change directly or indirectly. A study on global environmental change in 2009 determined that One child can produce 20 times more greenhouse gas than a person will save by driving a high-mileage car, recycling, using energy-efficient appliances and light bulbs, etc.

Each child born in the United States will add about 9,441 metric tons of carbon dioxide to the carbon legacy of an average parent. Recently China overtook the United States to become the world’s leading greenhouse gas emitter. Which has the largest amount of population More than 1.4 billion according to UN data.

The extinction crisis

All over the world maximum, humans eat meat to fill up needed protein or I can say mostly they fond meat especially red meat. Meat is considered one of the prime factors contributing to the current sixth mass extinction. The 2019 IPBES Global Assessment Report on Biodiversity and Ecosystem Services found that industrial agriculture and overfishing are the primary drivers of the extinction crisis, with the meat industries having a substantial impact.

Globally it is one of the largest sources of greenhouse gases and one of the leading causal factors in the loss of biodiversity, and in developed and emerging countries it is perhaps the leading source of water pollution. Not only for meat but also wool, egg and dairy also affix this agricultural industry.

Like food, humans need many basic needed but this world can’t make a balance above all. Slums are very common now in every city. Unemployment and costly expenses increase the homeless fellow day by day who have legible water and sanitation problem. On the other hand, without maintenance, they directly connected with water pollution and water scarcity. Our planet is one even scientist find yet any other places or planet for living lives. So increasing numbers of the population are divided into the same areas with more problems.

Unbalanced urbanization

Humen lives in a civilized society. They can’t live in open-air like animals. One man mostly uses his income for his accommodation. For fancy or need human constructions are increasing day by day. Good urbanization means there will be a most likable lifestyle like well livelihood efficiency, well education institution, best accommodation system, sanitization, electricity, medical advantage, good transportation and a touch of technology. We all want a comfortable modern life. I am not resisting urbanization but the matter of thinking is that there is no balance with nature. Cities are established on the chest of cropland, fields, forests, or after filled Waterland and become crowded day by day.

Traffic jam is a very common word for us and this huge number of transport make a great contribution to air pollution and greenhouse effects. Urban people change their environment through their consumption of food, energy, water, and land. And in turn, the polluted urban environment affects the health and quality of life of the urban population.

Unplanned Industrialization

The world is not like before where a family can depend on only one earning member. Expenses are too ascensive and demand is excessive. After the industrial revolution in the 1800s, the global economy is so dependable on industrialization and there is no sign to decrease. Actually, for this huge population and demanding lifestyle, we can’t only depend upon agriculture. But huge productive industrialization is also produced pollution, increased deforestation, greenhouse gases, global warming. Burning fossil fuels is the main cause of increasing greenhouse gases. Industrialization is the main source of urbanization, many types of pollution and deforestation also.

Pollution

Pollution is the greatest contribution of humans in climate change and plastic is the best element for pollution. As more than 70% of the earth’s surface is water-covered. Scientists suspect that before the 2100s Earth’s ocean will have plastic more than fish. A vast amount of the discarded waste of 7.7 billion consumers also finds its way to the oceans. Agriculture has an impact on water pollution due to the use of chemicals such as fertilizers, pesticides, fungicides, herbicides or insecticides running off in the water which also a reason for air pollution. Burning fossil fuel transportation section and the industry is the main culprit for air pollution. And overall populated regions are mainly polluted.

Deforestation

I already wrote upward many points about man-made reasons for climate change. Those all connected with deforestation. Forests cover 31% of the land area on Earth and annually 75,700 square kilometers (18.7 million acres) of the forest is lost due to wildfire, agricultural clear-cutting, urbanization, industrialization, the lumber industry, and others. For the huge number of productive animals, we need more grazing land and also harvested feed. Both are the reason for deforestation.

About 85 percent of the world’s soybean crop is processed into meal and vegetable oil, and virtually all of that meal is used in animal feed. Approximately six percent of soybeans are used directly as human food, mostly in Asia. The livestock sector is also the primary driver of deforestation in the Amazon, with around 80% of all converted land being used to rear cattle.91% of land deforested since 1970 has been converted to cattle ranching. Overpopulation, hunting livelihood, modern civilization take away us from reforestation.

War 

At this point, I  extremely tense. The power of modern science was finally wedded to the primordial dark side of human nature. You can have a clear idea of violence by refugee’s problems. The result was the most savagely violent period in human history. However, the methods of modern warfare cause far greater devastation on the environment.

The progression of warfares from chemical weapons to nuclear weapons has increasingly created stress on ecosystems and the environment. Specific examples of the environmental impact of war include World War I, World War II, the Vietnam War, the Rwandan Civil War, the Kosovo War, and the Gulf War. In August 1945, the United States of America dropped an atomic bomb over the city of Hiroshima in Japan.

bombing in Hiroshima

About 70,000 people died in nine seconds at the bombing in Hiroshima. After three days the United States dropped a second atomic bomb on the industrial city of Nagasaki, instantly killing 35,000 people. Marine ecosystems during World War II were damaged not only from chemical contamination but also from oil contamination. To this day, traces of oil can still be found in the Atlantic Ocean from the naval shipwrecks which happened during World War II.

Impacts on the environment

Military activity has significant impacts on the environment. Military land use needs (such as for bases, training, storage, etc) often displace people from their lands and homes. The military activity uses solvents, fuels and other toxic chemicals that can leach toxins into the environment that remain there for decades and even centuries. Furthermore, heavy military vehicles can cause damage to soil and infrastructure which causes of greenhouse effects by burning fossil fuels. There are many developed countries that are very concerned about climate change but still these countries are funding lion’s share in the military. At present military funding is higher than before where most of the activities are connected with climate change.

There are many points I write but still many are missing, all are connected with one another. After reading anyone can realize that human is the main reason for climate change instead human is the only pillar to stop genocide. But most of the people don’t have the fear of climate danger they are frightening a lion who is living in the black hill.